22 researchers from various contries met at a workshop on ´Action and Action Competence as Key Concepts in Critical Pedagogy´, 2-4. Februrary 1994 in Copenhagen. The idea or the philosophy behind the workshop was that the overall aim for teaching is to develop pupils' ability to take action. Consequently, the aim of the workshop was to explore and develop the concepts of Action and Action Competence in environmental and health education as well as in more general pedagogical contexts. The articles in this book represents one of the outcomes from the workshop.