The Egypt of the New Kingdom (1550-1080 BC) was an imperialist military power whose rule extended beyond the Nile Valley, over what is today Syria, Lebanon, Israel and part of Sudan. While the subject peoples paid tribute, gold poured in from the mines in the conquered African territories and the international trade routes flourished. During this era Egypt was greater, stronger and wealthier than at any time before or since. This was an age when both kings and gods were represented by colossal sculptures; when officials commissioned statues, tomb paintings and stelae of rare quality; a period whose decorative arts are exemplified by works at once luxurious and elegant. This catalogue contains 175 works from that flamboyant and luxurious epoch. Each is illustrated and accompanied by a brief description. The introduction contains historical perspective as well as sections dealing with religion and art.