What is engineering science? - applied science or a notion beyond applied and basic science? What are the responsibilities of an engineer? What will the future require of engineers and how do we get there? This book seeks to answer these and many more questions. Engineering is not necessarily applied science or a subsection of the natural sciences - it could be a science in its own right. Becoming an engineer could involve much more than maths and physics - it could also involve a general understanding of the responsibilities towards society - and maybe a broader approach to engineering and technology would benefit the engineering sciences in general. The background for the present publication is a quest for a thorough analysis of engineering, engineering science, and engineering education. Focusing on the concepts of engineering science, skills, and bildung, the book investigates the real challenges that are confronting engineering today, and discusses how to respond to these. Thereby, the book offers a complex and nuanced basis for debates on the actual status and the future directions of engineering science, engineering education, and the everyday practice of engineers.