The City of the Divine King deals with urban systems and urban architecture in the river kingdoms of the Near East and the agrarian societies of the Orient. The book is part of a larger work comprising studies of the antique Greek world and the Roman Empire and the later development of cities and villages in medieval Europe. The City of the Divine King is part of a larger context, although it is perfectly possible to read it separately. The texts, drawings and photographs collected here describe a subject which is abundant and challenging enough in itself for an independent publication. The City of the Divine King has been prepared as part of the research project "An Outline of the History of Urban Development" at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture. It is followed by volume 2: "The City of the Landowner" about the Greco-Roman world, and volume 3: "The City of the Merchant" about the medieval urban development in Europe.