Often referred to as surfer's eye, pterygium is a common cornea disorder in which an overgrowth of thick fibrovascular growth encroaches the cornea. While mild pterygia can be managed pharmacologically, more advanced cases that negatively impact vision and cosmetic appearance require surgical excision. The Art of Pterygium Surgery: Mastering Techniques and Optimizing Results by internationally acclaimed eye surgeon Arun Gulani and esteemed global contributors features an impressive array of collective expertise, pearls, and unbiased approaches. This textbook raises the bar on a challenging surgical procedure in terms of performance, aesthetic outcomes, and patient expectations, while presenting a paradigm shift in defining success beyond lack of recurrence to immediate and long-term appearance of the operated eye. Divided into three sections, the book begins with a history and overview; signs, symptoms, classification, and differential diagnosis; and evidence-based concepts. Subsequent chapters cover current state-of-theart procedures, management of complex cases and complications, and future innovations. Techniques are discussed in depth, with dedicated chapters on the use of amniotic membrane and umbilical cord transplantation; conjunctival autografts; antimetabolites such as Mitomycin C, fibrin glues, and sealants; and stem cell applications.